Opinion: Walter E. Williams


Examining today and yesterday

In matters of race and other social phenomena, there is a tendency to believe that what is seen today has always been. For black people, the socioeconomic progress achieved during my lifetime, which started in 1936, exceeded anyone’s wildest dreams. In 1936, most black people lived in gross material poverty and racial discrimination. Such poverty and discrimination is all but nonexistent today. Government data, assembled by Robert Rector of the Heritage Foundation, shows that “the average American family … identified as poor by the Census Bureau, lives in an air-conditioned, centrally heated house or apartment … They have a car or truck. (Indeed, 43% of poor families own two or more cars.)” The household “has at least one widescreen TV connected to cable, satellite, or a streaming service, a computer or tablet with internet connection, and a smartphone. (Some 82% of poor families have one or more smartphones.” On top of this, blacks today have the same constitutional guarantees as everyone else, which is not to say that every vestige of racial discrimination has been eliminated.

The poverty we have today is spiritual poverty. Spiritual poverty is an absence of what traditionally has been known as various human virtues. Much of that spiritual poverty is a result of public and private policy that rewards inferiority and irresponsibility. Chief among the policies that reward inferiority and irresponsibility is the welfare state. When some people know they can have children out of wedlock, drop out of school and refuse employment and suffer little consequence and social sanction, one should not be surprised to see the growth of such behavior. Today’s out-of-wedlock births among blacks is over 70%, but in the 1930s, it was 11%. During the same period, out-of-wedlock births among whites was 3%; today, it is over 30%. It is fashionable and politically correct to blame today’s 21% black poverty on racial discrimination. That is nonsense. Why? The poverty rate among black husband-and-wife families has been in the single digits for more than two decades. Can anyone produce evidence that racists discriminate against black female-headed families but not black husband-and-wife families?

For most people, education is one of the steppingstones out of poverty, and it has been a steppingstone for many black people. Today, decent education is just about impossible at many big-city public schools where violence, disorder, disrespect and assaults on teachers are routine. The kind of disrespectful and violent behavior observed in many predominantly black schools is entirely new. Some have suggested that such disorder is part of black culture, but that is an insulting lie. Black people can be thankful that double standards, and public and private policies rewarding inferiority and irresponsibility, were not broadly accepted during the 1920s, ’30s, ’40s and ’50s. There would not have been the kind of intellectual excellence and spiritual courage that created the world’s most successful civil rights movement.

Many whites are ashamed, saddened and guilt-ridden by our history of slavery, Jim Crow and gross racial discrimination. They see that justice and compensation for that ugly history is to hold their fellow black Americans accountable to the kind of standards and conduct they would never accept from whites. That behavior and conduct is relatively new. Meet with black people in their 70s or older, even liberal politicians such as Charles Rangel (age 90), and Reps. Eddie Bernice Johnson (85), Alcee Hastings (83) and Maxine Waters (82). Ask them whether their parents would have tolerated their assaulting and cursing of teachers or any other adult. I bet you the rent money their parents and other parents of that era would not have accepted the grossly disrespectful behavior seen today among many black youngsters who use foul language and racial epithets at one another. These older blacks will tell you that, had they behaved that way, they would have felt serious pain in their hind parts. If blacks of yesteryear would not accept such self-destructive behavior, why should today’s blacks accept it?

Black people have made tremendous gains over the years that came as a result of hard work, sacrifice and a no-nonsense approach to life. Recovering those virtues can provide solutions to many of today’s problems.

Walter E. Williams is a professor of economics at George Mason University. To find out more about Walter E. Williams and read features by other Creators Syndicate writers and cartoonists, visit the Creators Syndicate webpage at www.creators.com.


The 501 by Hannaba Munn Welch


Possessions: Jesus was right.

It’s been 50 years since my college graduation. Surprise. Homecoming has been cancelled, meaning the usual on-campus activities. No surprise.

The school sent questionnaires to the Class of 1970. Once we return the forms, they’ll compile a memory book for us. We’re supposed to get the books by mail in October. It’ll be like getting to visit with classmates. Covid-19 Homecoming. Oh well.

I completed the questionnaire, choosing the online option and summing up my life within the character limits for each response. Nothing beats enforced succinctness.

One of the questions was “What do you consider to be the greatest challenge of your life?”

How would you answer that one?


I decided I could name some great challenge met and overcome by me during the past five decades — probably what they expected – or I could identify my greatest present challenge. I took the latter option.

I need to stop acquiring stuff when I need to get rid of a lifetime’s accumulation of stuff.

Maybe that’s a shallow answer. But I’m guessing some other alumni are answering the same way. The honest ones.

I called my honest schoolmate Beverly (who didn’t get a questionnaire because she graduated a couple of years after me). I asked her the question. With no prompting, she echoed my response.

Almost all us baby boomers are in the same boat. We need to toss cargo.

Even if we’d been right there at the Sermon on the Mount, would we have taken the advice?

“Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal, but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break though nor steal.” (Matthew 6:19-20, King James Version)

So we pay for mothproofing at the cleaners. And we polish our silver. And we don’t let our tools get rusty. And we install alarm systems and pay for security.

If thieves really do manage to break in, they don’t go for the silver. They get the television instead — and maybe some tools. You replace the television and the tools. You’re still stuck with your best wool coat (which the pesky moths have managed to chew on a little despite your precautions) and your china (which nobody wants) and your silver (which nobody wants either). Ah possessions. Jesus was right. All of us keepers of stuff are in dire straits.

Furniture can be especially problematic. Thieves rarely take it off your hands. And if you’re stuck with a vintage baby bed, you’re in real trouble. They’re illegal.

A little good news:

Just cut off the tops of the headboard and footboard. If there’s decoration there already, you’ve got instant wall hangings. If not, decorate the blank spaces yourself, maybe with grandchildren’s names. Instant Christmas gifts. Discard the rest of the bed.

Hmmm. It’s hard to toss those perfectly intact jail-bar sideboards. Seems like they could be used for something.

Nancy’s Notions by Nancy McDonald


How to build a healthy salad

What you sprinkle over your greens, as well as how much, can make or break a salad. Using small amounts and different combinations of ingredients can help add variety to your salads.

Herbs are a great way to add flavor to salads. Both fresh and dried herbs can be sprinkled on top as garnishes or used to make flavorful salad dressings. It’s important to know that if a recipe calls for dried herbs, you can substitute fresh. One teaspoon of dried is equal to one tablespoon (3 teaspoons) of fresh, snipped herbs.

Avocados are not only taste great, but they are also a good source of heart-healthy monounsaturated fat and contain several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin E and potassium. They also provide a decent amount of dietary fiber. Avocados can be chopped up or pureed into a dressing. A little squeeze of lemon or lime juice can also help prevent it from browning.

Nuts and seeds not only add interesting flavors to foods, but crunch. Sprinkle small amounts of nuts and seeds, such as walnuts, pecans, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, or even pine nuts over your salad to add unique flavors and textures.

Another ingredient that can really make a salad more satisfying are beans. Common types used in salads include black beans, chickpeas (also known as garbanzo beans) and edamame. Cooked beans whether they are purchased frozen, dried, or canned are all good options and a convenient way to get a plant-based source of lean protein.

Make your own croutons using whole grain breads to help meet your daily goal for dietary fiber. Another fiber option is to serve a scoop of cooked whole grains, like quinoa or bulgur, over a mixture of salad greens.

Looking for ways to get more calcium and vitamin D in your diet? A sprinkle of shredded cheese, such as mozzarella or Parmesan, or crumbled feta can add a lot of flavor with just a small amount. Plus, they are good sources of calcium. Eggs provide vitamin D and, when hard boiled, make a great topping for salads.

Pair fresh fruit with salad greens – the combination of flavors can be extraordinary. Dried fruits, like cherries, cranberries, apricots, or raisins can also liven up a salad and may be more convenient to use at certain times of the year. Plus, their flavor has been concentrated, so a smaller amount of dried fruit will provide the same intense flavor as its fresh, whole form.

Oils, which are considered a healthier form of fat, are needed on a regular basis but only in small amounts.

Try experimenting with different recipes and an assortment of different colored vegetables to keep the salad combinations exciting and healthful. Being mindful of portions and choosing ingredients that pack a lot of flavor and texture but in small amounts will also help. Plus, it will prevent your taste buds from becoming bored.




Justified = Just as if I’d never sinned

by Pastor Genell Knisley, Grassland Church of the Nazarene

Do you ever fall into the categories of “trying to be good enough” or “trying to earn it?” William Gurnell says, “We are justified, not by giving anything to God, what we do, but by receiving from God, what Christ hath done for us.” Paul’s statements in Philippians 1:27 are often taken out of context. He writes, “be worthy of heaven” and “conduct yourself in a manner worthy of the Gospel of Christ.” When we take a phrase out of its context, it can easily be misunderstood. In this passage, Paul is not talking about earning God’s Grace for Salvation! No one can earn God’s Grace; it is a gift! Paul also writes in Ephesians 2:8-9, “It is by grace that you have been saved through faith, and this is not your own doing; it is the gift from God – not the result of works, so that no one may boast.” Justification is one of those big “Christianese” words that simply means to be declared legally righteous. God declares the sinner, who is unrighteous and guilty, to be innocent of sins. It does not mean a pardon where we pretend the person was not guilty; it is a very real cleansing of the guilt of that person. When someone asks God to forgive their sin, He promises to forgive and cleanse them. In 1 John 1:9, it is a promise from God, and it is stated in the Greek in legal language. When God justifies someone, the heart of that person is literally changed!

Think of a white dry erase board. After being using for a while, there is residue from the markers that is really hard to clean off. Think of the sinner’s heart as that dirty dry erase board. With God’s forgiveness and cleansing, the sinner’s heart is justified; the dry erase board looks as if it has never been used. There is a fun definition of justification that makes it easy to remember: “justified = just-as-if-I’d never sinned!”

Being forgiven and cleansed by God does not mean I will never sin again, but it does mean that I do not have to! There is no place in the Bible that says, “we have to sin in thought, word and deed every day.” It just does not say that! It does say in 1 John 2:1, “If we sin, we have an Advocate in Jesus!” We can always ask for forgiveness; there is not a limit to the number of times.

Praise God that He loves us so unconditionally, that He was willing for His Son, Jesus, to die to pay the ransom, the debt required for our sin! Jesus did not have to, but willingly gave Himself fully to His Father’s plan for the salvation of the world! He was willing to give the ultimate sacrifice, His blood… His life, that people might receive His precious gift. None of us are “good enough” and none of us can “earn it,” but the gifts of forgiveness, cleansing, justification and salvation are available to all who will receive! Jesus invites us to ask!

Peggy’s Corner


New titles provide great reads to kickstart
Adult Fall Reading Challenge

By Post Library Staff

New fall titles such as Bitter Pill, Chaos and All the Devils Are Here are great reads to kickstart the Adult Fall Reading Challenge


So many new books, so little time – new fall books have arrived this week! Imagine opening a box of over 20 books and trying to decide what to read first, what a wonderful problem to have. We have new adult fiction, young adult fiction and at least a dozen children’s books.

Publishers are beginning to catch up with the backlog of shipments when COVID-19 shut down operations in March. Other publishers have postponed publication dates until 2021 – but we know for a fact reading books has helped us get through this difficult time.

Our new adult fiction includes many of your favorite authors like:

All the Devils Are Here by Louise Penny

Big Door Prize by M.O. Walsh

Bitter Pill by Fern Michaels

Chaos by Iris Johansen

Dark Song by Christine Feehan

Every Kind of Wicked by Lisa Black

Exiles by Christine Kline

Ghost Ups Her Game by Carolyn Hart

Fool’s Paradise by Robert B. Parker

Squeeze Me by Carl Hiaasen

Whirlwind by Janet Daily

The Junior Literary Guild has also sent books for young readers which include categories of Easy Reading, Independent Readers, Young Adult Fantasy/Science Fiction, Mystery and Adventure and Kindergarten readers.

Titles include:

What Lane?

Fergus and Zeke

McTavish Goes Wild

Curse of the Night Witch

Ways to Make Sunshine.

As the weather gets cooler, the new chill in the air encourages staying inside with a good book – the perfect opportunity for a fall reading challenge. With that being said, we encourage readers to come by the library and sign up for the Adult Fall Reading Challenge which provides lots of fun and interesting ways to expand your reading. Plus, a reading challenge gives you a reason to stay in your footed pajamas all day and enjoy your favorite pastime.

We are open from noon to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday. Come in, get caught reading and sign up for the fall reading challenge.

Yesteryears by Elizabeth Tanner


Rains slow 1980 cotton harvest

By Elizabeth Tanner

70 Year Ago: Mrs. Carl Clark was recognized as a true pioneer of Garza County. Moving to Garza in 1893, before the county was even establish, Clark came with her mother and siblings. Clark said she remembered traveling to Dermott every three weeks for mail and twice a year to Snyder or Colorado City for groceries as there were no settlements yet in Garza. With no school here, her uncle hired her a teacher. Clark said her only friend was her sister as the nearest settlement was 20 miles away. Clark also recalled trading at Jim Power’s grocery store and the only dry goods store she could remember was ran by Mr. Porterfield. “Post has changed a lot,” Clark said. “For a long time, there was no residence building in Post at all.”

City Marshal and Sheriff Deputy M. L. Holland was indicted for murder after the shooting of Chalres F. Chapman in a gun fight near Justiceburg. Holland, who was acting in response to a call received by the sheriff’s office from Ben Owen’s service station, shot Chapman twice, once below the left armpit and once in the stomach, after a physical altercation in which Chapman discharged a .22 pump rifle in Holland’s face, resulting in powder burns. Chapman, who had been said to be “acting suspiciously” and was carrying multiple weapons including firearms and knives at the time of the altercation, had refused to pull over a number of times before attacking Holland.

After multiple scattered showers passed over Garza County, farmers anxiously awaited sunny days in which they could pick cotton. Five county gins had processed 14 bales and expected a bale a day the following week. Graham accounted for seven of the 14 bales with the others split between the Storie Gin and Planters. C.M. Murphy, manager of Planters, said he expected cotton to begin coming in regularly after the weather cleared up. Although no cotton had been ginned at Southland or Close City, spokesmen at Southland said they expected to begin ginning the following week when cotton was dry enough to pick.

With dove season finally underway, Governor Allan Shivers was on the hunt, joining thousands of other white wing hunters at Mission. Hopping out of an airplane at McAllen Municipal Airport, Shivers threw his gun over his shoulder and exclaimed, “Bring on those white wings – I’m ready for them.”

60 Years Ago: In a student article submitted by Julia Childs and Diana Pruitt, Close City school was reportedly off with a bang. “Have we got the pupils this year,” Childs and Pruitt wrote. “The enrollment is 44!” Other Close City school news such as Diana Billberry spending Sunday with her grandmother, James Mears beating his father at bowling and James Pete falling in a ditch full of water were also featured in the article.

Alvin Gordon invented a “machine of the future” that manufactured and laid concrete pipe as it moved through a field. Records in the patent office discouraged most inventors, as a string of failures stemmed from 1889 when someone first attempted to accomplish the feat. However, Gordon, who took four years working on his project that he termed a concrete cast-in-place machine, said that the answer to the setback that stopped previous inventors came to him at 2 a.m. one morning, awakening him. Since the completion of his invention, Gordon said requests for the machine had come from all over the world. The estimated selling price was set at $2,700.

Post FFA won a blue ribbon with its booth at the Panhandle South Plains Fair, topping 13 other exhibits. The winning booth, prepared by chapter members under the support of Advisor D.H. Koeninger, depicted the importance of not irrigating cotton too late in the season. The display showed that late cotton irrigation increases yield but reduces income through reduced grades. Results from the booth reported 786 pounds of lint per acre worth $186 off a final watering on Aug. 8, 884 pounds of lint an acre worth $239 off final irrigations on Aug. 8 and Aug. 20 and 920 pounds of lint worth $195 off final waterings on Aug. 8, Aug. 20 and Sept. 3. Garza County also had a crop exhibit on display in the Agricultural Building at the fair which received a participation award of $50. The booth was under supervision of County Agent Lewis C. Herron.

Judges T.L. Leach of the Department of Agricultural Education at Texas Tech and Area II Supervisor of Vocational Agriculture Clemon Montgomery stand with the Post FFA exhibit which won a blue ribbon at the Panhandle South Plains Fair.

40 Years Ago: A bolt of lightning struck an electric sub-station inside the Postex Plant, knocking its greige mill out of operation and putting 160 plant employees out of work. Plant officials said they hoped to have the greige mill restored and back to regular operations soon as a shipment of parts was on the way. The lightning bolt caused a fire entirely within the electric sub-station which was discovered by the night watchman. Damage shut down the carding, spinning and weaving operations of the mill. The finishing, fabricating and warehousing departments were not affected.

Post and Garza County farm and ranch areas were soaked with slow falling rain that lasted for four full days resulting in the wettest display in many a year. Official rain totals capped at 5.40 inches before the skies cleared, bringing the September total to 8.23 inches. County Agent Syd Conner said the rains would aid in next year’s crops. As for the 1980 cotton crop, Conner said results were meager due to a server summer drought and the shutdown of the fall harvest for two weeks because of muddy fields. Ginning results were poor with only 58 bales ginned by the Hackberry Coop Gin. Ginners reported it took 12 to 15 acres to make one bale.

Post ISD schools began the new school year with new lunchroom facilities which had undergone a remodeling and expansion over the summer. The newly air-conditioned lunchroom featured new tables and fold-up benches. Mrs. Johnnie Willson, lunchroom supervisor, said her pride and joy was the new, big walk-in freezer.

Lunchroom Supervisor Johnnie Willson stands with her pride and joy – a big, new walk-in freezer that was added in the 1980 summer remodel.



Do You Remember by Vonda Beth Gradine


The Verbena school and the Lee Davis family

The Bud Davis family. Standing, from left, Mason, Luke, Laura and Kate Williams, Caroline, Laura, Jack and Logan Powell, Michael and Randy Ratheal and Tim Cook. Sitting, from left, Carol Williams, Christy Ratheal Leanna Davis, Bud Davis, Leanna Davis and Cathy Cook.







I had a good visit with Bud Davis the other day and learned that there were two other country schools that I did not include in the small, country school pieces. They were Verbena and New Hope.

New Hope was a very small school that was open for only a few years. It was located on Highway 380 east, close to the county line. Now, a tree is the only thing standing where this school was located. There were probably only four to six students. Three of these students were the Davis family – Sal, Sue and Sally. The best I can find is that this school closed when Verbena opened.

Verbena was located on FM 2008, about four or five miles north of Highway 380. There was a community church and, about 50 yards north of the church, was the school. It was a two-room schoolhouse that held 11 grades. There was a removable wall between the two classrooms that could be moved to make space for community events. A stage was on the end of the seventh through eleventh grade room. One event Bud remembers was a Christmas play where the men played women. Some of the students that attended this school were David Tyler, Sal, Sue, Sally and Bud Davis, Jim and Kay Bird, Charles and Tommy Bird, Dale Cravy, Helen Jo Davis Thomas, the Fumagalli family, the Raymond Davis family and all the hand families that worked for the landowners.

Now, let’s start with a family in which all the children attended Verbena. Estelle Miller grew up in Cleburne, Texas where there was a small library. She started with the A’s and ended with the Z’s, reading every book in the library before she graduated high school. Having a teaching appointment in some country school in Dickens County, she moved to West Texas. While she was teaching, she met a tall, lanky boy named Lee Davis who she married on October 3, 1919. Estelle was nineteen and Lee was seventeen at the time. Later, Estelle laughed that this big ole man had to go home to ask his mother if he could marry.

Lee’s father had purchased three sections of land in the eastern part of Garza County. Lee planned to develop this land into a cotton farm. The family of Lee, Estelle and their three children, Sal, Sue and Sally moved to the farm in 1928. Lee and eight-year-old Sal drove two wagons from Post to the farm which were loaded with materials to build their house before Estelle and the girls joined them.

The first school year for the kids was at the New Hope school. It was about two and a half miles down the road, so the kids rode a horse to school. The teacher rented a room from the Davis’s for $20 a month that year. Estelle was very afraid of horses, so the teacher going to school with the kids helped her a lot. The next year, Gwen Coleman was the teacher. At Christmas, Gwen married Walter Boren and drove out from Post to school. She picked the Davises up on the way to school. The New Hope school closed before the last Davis child, Bud, started school.

Bud started Verbena the 1940-1941 school year. He only went to Verbena one year because his dad became the manager of the Post Gin. The next year, he came to Post. This was the year another grade was added to Texas schools. Bud started Post in the third grade, skipping the second. He would ride the bus to school. One afternoon, he jumped on the bus only to be told he couldn’t ride the bus. The driver told him the school board had said he should be at Verbena school and, therefore, he was not allowed to ride the Post bus. Luckily, the gin was working, so Bud walked to the gin. This problem did not last long before Bud was back on the bus.

By this time World War II had started and Bud’s older siblings were married.  Sal; Sue’s husband, Jess Cornell and Sally’s husband, Charles Lutrell, went to the war. Sal’s wife, Doris; Sue and Sally all moved back to the Davis home, and as Estelle quoted “had babies.” Bud was ten or eleven with four little boys following him all over the farm. Bud told me that one day, his nephews, Keith and Biff Davis and Mike and Pat Cornell, were following him around. He realized they never listened to him. He told them to listen, but they went on, so he spanked all four of them. He then talked to them in a stern voice to explain they needed to do what he said because there were lots of rattlesnakes around. If he told them to stand still, they needed to do it. That was the first time Bud used his teacher voice.

Bud graduated in 1951, the same year Verbena closed to merge with Post ISD. He went to college and married Jane Pritchard from Pampa, Texas. Bud was a teacher and then a principal for Post ISD. He was not the only family member that made teaching their occupation. Estelle was a substitute teacher for many years. Bud tells about the time she was coming in to teach when the roads were icy. When she drove over the bridge, her car started sliding sideways. At the end of the bridge, the car turned onto its side. Highway department men were close and came to help her out of the car. She asked if they could turn the car back on its wheels. They did and she went on to school.

Sue Cornell and Bud’s daughter, Carol Williams, were also teachers in the Post schools.

Bud is now the patriarch of the Davis family and the undeveloped land is still in the Davis family. Many family members and friends have stories of fun times on that land.


Pet of the Week


Ernie has been Pet of the Week before, but we wanted to try again. He is an older Chihuahua – almost 13 – but still enjoys going on slow walks. What he doesn’t like is other dogs – big or small. He is kind of a grump! If you think you might be able to put up with this guy, contact Post Animal Refuge Center by emailing us at [email protected], messaging us on Facebook at Post Arc, or giving us a call at 806-317-8041.

Opinion: Walter E. Williams


Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Nonsense

Check out any professional and most college basketball teams. Their starting five, and most of their other 10 players, are black, as is 80% of the NBA. This does not come anywhere close to the diversity and inclusion sought by the nation’s social justice warriors. Both professional and college coaches have ignored and threw any pretense of seeking diversity and inclusiveness. My question to you is: Would a basketball team be improved if coaches were required to include ethnically diverse players for the sake of equity? I have no idea of what your answer might be but mine would be: “The hell with diversity, equity and inclusion. I am going to recruit the best players and do not care if most of them turn out to be black players.” Another question: Do you think that any diversity-crazed college president would chastise his basketball coach for lack of diversity and inclusiveness?

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (National Accelerator Laboratory) is home to the world’s most powerful experiments, fastest supercomputers and top-notch physics researchers. Much of SLAC’s research is on particle accelerators that are complicated machines that are designed, engineered and operated to produce high-quality particle beams and develop clues to the fundamental structure of matter and the forces between subatomic particles. You can bet that their personnel makeup exhibits very little concern about racial diversity, equity and inclusion. The bulk of their scientists is not only Americans of European and Asian ancestry but mostly men. My question to you is: What would you do to make SLAC more illustrative of the racial, ethnic and sexual diversity of America? As for me, my answer would be the same one that I gave in the basketball example: I am going to recruit the brightest scientists and I do not care if most of them turn out to be men of European and Asian ancestry.

In the hard sciences, one will find black Americans underrepresented. For example, a 2018 survey of the American Astronomical Society, which includes undergraduates, graduate students, faculty members and retired astronomers, found that 82% of members identified as white and only 2% as black or African American. Only 3% of bachelor’s degrees in physics go to black students. In 2017, some fields, such as structural engineering and atmospheric physics, graduated not a single black Ph.D. The conspicuous absence of black Americans in the sciences have little or nothing to do with racism. It has to do with academic preparation. If one graduates from high school and has not mastered a minimum proficiency in high school algebra, geometry and precalculus, it is likely that high-paying careers such as engineering, medicine, physics and computer technology are hermetically sealed off for life.

There are relatively few black fighter jet pilots. There are stringent physical, character and mental requirements, which many black applicants could meet. But fighter pilots must also have a strong knowledge of air navigation, aircraft operating procedures, flight theory, fluid mechanics, meteorology and engineering. The college majors that help prepare undergraduates for a career as a fighter pilot include mathematics, physical science and engineering. But if one graduates from high school without elementary training in math, it is not likely that he will enroll in the college courses that would qualify him for fighter pilot training.

At many predominantly black high schools, not a single black student tests proficient in math and a very low percentage test proficient in reading; however, these schools confer a diploma that attests that the students can read, write and compute at a 12th-grade level and these schools often boast that they have a 70% and higher graduation rate. They mislead students, their families and others by conferring fraudulent diplomas.

What explains the fact that over 80% of professional basketball players are black, as are about 70% of professional football players? Only an idiot would chalk it up to diversity and inclusion. Instead, it is excellence that explains the disproportionate numbers. Jewish Americans, who are just 3% of our population, win over 35% of the Nobel prizes in science that are awarded to Americans. Again, it is excellence that explains the disproportionality, not diversity and inclusion. As my stepfather often told me, “To do well in this world, you have to come early and stay late.”

  Walter E. Williams is a professor of economics at George Mason University. To find out more about Walter E. Williams and read features by other Creators Syndicate writers and cartoonists, visit the Creators Syndicate webpage at www.creators.com.


Do You Remember By Voda Beth Gradine


Civil War Veterans of Garza County

Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Callis in 1914.

Joe and Lucy Callis, 1963. Joe is a son of H. C. Callis, a Civil War Veteran.

As most of you have figured out, one of my favorite hobbies is the study of history. The Civil War is one period that interests me the most. Today, I am grouping the Civil War with Garza County – which is my absolute best study.

The Civil War took place over twenty-five years before many populated in the West Texas region and forty-two years before Garza County was established. Some of these men came to Texas to start a new life after the war. There are eleven buried in Terrace Cemetery. My friend, sidekick and helper, Margie Maestas, and I roamed the cemetery and found all the graves of the veterans.

Eli Collins must have lived in Texas before the war because he was in Company A of McCord’s Texas Calvary.  He died on February 18, 1915 and is buried by his son who was a World War I veteran.

Lewis W. Coleman

Simon H. James was born in 1847 in Tennessee. He joined the Confederacy at the young age of sixteen as a private in the Seventh Regiment of Company I of the Alabama Calvary under the leadership of General Nathan B. Forrest. His father and grandfather were both enlisted in the Confederacy. They were both captured by the north and died of smallpox in a northern prison. Mr. James died on June 24, 1928.

Jason Kitchens was buried with several family members. He came from North Carolina and was in Company F of Second NC MTD Infantry. Mr. Kitchens was buried with his wife and two sons. One son was a World War I veteran. He died on October 14, 1923.

Jesse F. Osborn was in E Company of the Seventeenth Tennessee Infantry. He and his wife, Sarah Osborn, were buried on a lot with two other generations of Young family.

Issac Smith was born on July 20, 1840 in Georgia. He was under the leadership of Robert E. Lee and was in the battle of Lookout Mountain. He contracted smallpox and was sent to the hospital which was made in a barn.  The ones that were not as ill buried the dead. One night, there was sixteen deaths. Mr. Smith died on October 21, 1931.

Thomas Elkins was born on December 4, 1845 in Texas. He is buried in a lot with other family members. He died on April 13, 1914.

William H. Ward was born on February 8, 1849, making him the youngest known veteran buried here. He was in Company K, Tenth Regiment of the Mississippi Infantry. He is buried with several family members. He died on June 8, 1933.

  1. H. Lindsey was born on October 24, 1843. He was in Company K Pettis Brigade of the Twenty-third Alabama. He had a son that was a county commissioner in the Verbena area. He died on January 8, 1914.

Henry Callis was born on March 10, 1849 in Hickory County, Missouri. He was a private in L Company of Second Kansas Cavalry. When the war was over, he came to Texas with an army buddy that was from Henrietta named Bill Lowrance. He met and married Bill’s sister, Betty. The couple had two daughters before Betty died. Henry and his daughters moved to Snyder in a buggy. On May 4, 1884, he married Mary Miles in Snyder. To this union came four sons. The family then moved to Garza County where Henry was one of the men that signed the charter to establish the county. He also was elected the first Hide and Animal Inspector in the original election of Garza County. His son, Joe, and his wife, Lucy, lived in Post. Their daughter, Katherine, also lived here all her life. His grandchildren and great-grandchildren were raised in Post. Henry died on August 13, 1915.

  1. F. Wilks was born in Alabama in 1841. He must have moved to Texas before the war because he served four years in the Sixtieth Texas Infantry. He was in several battles, being wounded in the leg at the Battle of Franklin where he was taken prisoner. During his imprisonment, he was made to stand in the snow until he lost all his toenails on both feet. He came back to Texas and married Namie Glasscock in Austin on February 10, 1870. Their family moved to Menard in 1884, then to Snyder in 1886. Mrs. Wilks arrived after B. F. on the stage with their infant daughter the day the cornerstone was set for the Scurry County Courthouse. The courthouse still stands in the same location. A son of this union was Russell, Sr. who is the grandfather of Jan Bartlett and Kim Wilks, both still active in the Post community. Mr. Wilks died in 1921.

All of the above veterans served in the Confederacy. The last veteran chose to serve with the Union. Lewis W. Coleman was born on March 23, 1844 in Hamilton County, Tennessee. After Tennessee seceded from the Union, there was a group who was still loyal to the north. He enlisted on February 23, 1863 to Company N, Third Regiment of Tennessee Infantry Volunteers. Jane Trail, great-granddaughter, told me the most memorable story from Lewis’ war years was how hungry he always was. He had a recurring dream of a piece of cornbread on top of a slope bucket. Trying to reach it, it always crumbled before he could. He and his wife, Jane, came to Texas to join his son, John B., and family. John became ill, knowing he was soon to die in 1918; he asked his dad to “take care of his little family.” All of his great-grandchildren have property in Garza County, those great-grandchildren being Jane, Carolyn Adams, John and Jim Boren, Millie Sentell and the late Neal Francis. Mr. Coleman was the last veteran to die on December 29, 1938.